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The Counts of Toulouse: ( The Name in Occitan. Click here to find out more about occitan.  Coms de Toloza):  
 The Name in Occitan. Click here to find out more about occitan.   Ramon VII de Tolosa: - Raymond of St-Gilles (July, 1197 - September 27, 1249), Count of Toulouse (1222-1249)

Arms of the Counts of Toulouse. Click for a larger image in a new window. Also Duke of Narbonne, Count of Quercy, Rouergue and Saint-Gilles; Count of Agen (Aquitaine); Marquis of Provence (Holy Roman Empire), Count of Melgueil (Papacy).  

Raymond VII was the son of Raymond VI of Toulouse and Jeanne of England.

During the Albigensian Crusade, he left from Marseille and in May 1216 besieged the town of Beaucaire, eventually capturing the citadel on 24th August. He fought to reconquer Toulouse from Simon de Montfort and later from Simon's son Amaury.

He succeeded Raymond VI in 1222. He recovered lands taken from his father and negotiated a truce (1223) with Amoury de Montfort and his land-hungry Crusaders from France.

For failing to suppress the supposedly heretical Cathars and allowing liberty to Jews, he was excommunicated by the council of Bourges in 1226 and subjected to another French invasion. He ceded territory to France by treaty and was forced to permit the Albigensian Crusade to continue in the Languedoc (Treaty of Paris in 1229, also known as the Treaty of Meaux). He was permitted to keep much of his lands during his lifetime, but was compelled to allow the establishment of the Inquisition in his lands.

Allied with his cousin Henry III of England, he rebelled unsuccessfully against Louis VIII of France (1242) and was forced to accept greater French authority over Toulouse.

For Raymond's role in the Cathar Wars, click here Next..  

Raymond VII died at Millau on 27th September, 1249. He is buried in Fontevraud Abbey

Jeanne of Toulouse, Raymond's daughter by his wife Margaret le Brun, was his sole heir. She was obliged to marry Alphonse of Poitiers, brother of Louis IX of France under the Treaty of Paris so when Raymond died, Alphonse became count of Toulouse. The couple died childless in 1271, upon which the County of Toulouse was annexed by the French Crown.

Click on the following link for more on the House of Toulouse
Click on the following link for more on Counts of Toulouse
Click on the following link for more on the the role of Raymond VII Count of Toulouse in the Cathar Crusade
Click on the following link for more about the arms of fighters in the Cathar Wars Next.
Click on the following link for more on the Seal of Raymond VII Count of Toulouse

 

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Cross of Toulouse.
Ramon VII
Count of Toulouse