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The Counts of Toulouse and the Cross of Toulouse:  Occitan:  the Language Today: Alphabet

The Occitan alphabet is: A, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, x, z. Note the absence of 3 letters: k (replaced by c or qu), w (replaced by v or o), and y (replaced by i).

 

Vowel

Pronounciation

A (beginning or in a word);

French, Spanish papa

~Southern English butter

A (end of a word); ;

Eng John

E,

Fr march, Spa de

Eng get

O,

Eng fool

I,

Eng kill

U,

Fr Lune, Ger fr

 

Letter

Pronounciation

B,V (beg. of a word)

Eng beer

B, V (in a word)

Spa hubo, uva

C(in front of a,o,u); QU

Eng kill

C(in front of e,i); ; S; SC; SS

Eng salt

D

Eng daddy

F

Eng film

G(in front a,o,u); GU(in front e,i)

Eng get

G(in front of e,i), J

Eng John

G(end of a word); TG; TJ; CH

Eng church

L

Eng link

M

Eng mother

N; M (end of a word); MP

Eng nose

P

Eng put

R(beginning of a word); RR

Spa ratn, tierra, It terra

R(in a word)

Spa pero, It per

R (end of a word)

Isn't pronounced

T

Eng tell

X

Eng exam

Z

Eng zoo

LH

Eng Million

NH

Spa nio, Eng Kenya

TZ

Ger zuviel, Hebrew kibbuts

GN

It anno

 

The tonic stress in Occitan falls as follows:

  • Words which end by a vowel, an s or an n(only in conjugation): stress on the last but one syllable
  • Words which end by a consonant (but s) or a diphthong: stress on the last syllable except where there is a written accent on the stressed syllable. Examples: La mecanica; destriar; culher; cantan; pens; gaton.
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