The French Flag: the Tricolore. The Tricolore (tricolour, tricoleur, tricolor) is only visual French symbol with the official sanction of article 2 of the French Constitution of 1958. Click here for more on the Tricolore
The National Anthem of France: the Marseillaise. La Marseillaise was composed in Strasbourg in 1792 and originally known as the Battle Hymn of the Army of the Rhine; it became the national anthem on 14 July 1795 and is sanctioned as an official French symbol in article 2 of the French Constitution of 1958. Click here for more on the Marseillaise
The French National Motto. The motto of the French Republic is "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity". This French symbol is sanctioned in article 2 of the French Constitution of 1958. Click here for more on the French motto
French National Logo. A modern logo for the French Republic
has been in use as a French symbol since 1999.
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The French Cypher: RF. France is officially referred to as the Republique Francaise, hence the use of the "RF" monogram as a French symbol. Click here for more on the "RF" cypher
The French National Holiday. The commemorates the storming of an old building, erroneously thought to hold political prisoners, on 14th July 1789. Click here for more on Bastille Day
Great Seal of France. The French State Seal used for
sealing important state documents. It is an important French
symbol of state.
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Marianne, Personification of France. The French revolution was symbolised by a variety of women, in various headgears, but the one that has become best known as a French symbol is Marianne. Click here for more on Marianne
The Phrygian Cap or Liberty Cap. One of the symbols
associated with eighteenth and nineteenth century revolutions
- and especially the French Revolution was the red Liberty
Cap, an ancient Roman
symbol of freedom.
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The French Cockerel. The Cockerel (US Rooster) has
long been part of French national culture because the Latin
words for cockerel and inhabitant of Gaul are similar.
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Arms of France. The old Kingdom of France used coats
of arms and so, informally, does the Modern French Republic.
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Fasces. The modern French Republic like many other
republics made extensive use of an ancient Roman
symbol, the fasces.
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The French Panthéon. The monument which comes closest to being a symbol of the Republic is the Pantheon in Paris, built under Louis XV as the Sainte Geneviève Church.
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The Cross of Lorraine. The Second World War was fought by the Free French under the sign of the Cross of Lorraine , the emblem chosen by the Resistance to distinguish their flag from the tricolour which had been kept by the Vichy Government. The Cross of Lorraine is therefore used regularly on monuments commemorating the 1940-1945 period, from the greatest monuments to the humblest places marking the fighting in the maquis. Click here for more on the Cross of Lorraine