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The Arms of Aragon and Catalonia

Arms of the Kingdom of Aragon According to legend, the arms of Barcelona were origially plain gold: in heraldic terms "Or plain". Geoffroy le Velu, Count of Barcelona, was mortally wounded fighting on the side of Charles le Chauve against the Normans. Charles, to show his gratitude for Geoffroy's bravery, dipped his fingers in his blood and smeared them onto the shield, making the present arms, in heraldic terms "Or four pallets gules".

When the Counts of Barcelona became Kings of Aragón, the two territories of Aragon and Catalonia were united under one monarch. Since then they have both used the same arms

Arms of Catalonia.Unusually the flags of the Counts of Barcelona and Kings of Aragón are the arms rotated through 90 degrees: ie four red horizonatal stripes on a gold background. Of course on the Count-King's coat of arms (shown below right) the stripes would go both directions.

the King of Aragon wearing a Coat of Arms and mounted on a caparisonned steed.Aragonese teritorries stretched far north of the the Pyrenees ( The Name in Occitan. Click here to find out more about occitan.  Pirenčus,  The Name in Catalan Pirineus,  The Name in French Pyrénées) in the Middle Ages - as far north as Provence. Catalonia straddled what is now the French-Spanish border - a border which dates only from the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.

Most of the northern part of Catalonia was part of the County of the Roussillon. For the purposes of the French administration the Roussillon has now been tacked onto the Languedoc - hence the name of the Languedoc-Roussillon région.

The modern flag of the Languedoc-roussillon, combining the Cross of Toulouse and a quarter of the Arms of Aragon.Just to complicate matters, the département which corresponds to the Roussillon is called the Pyrénées-Orientales, but it still uses the arms of the Roussillon (identical to those of Aragón) and you will see the Catalan flag used everywhere there.

 

 

The Arms of Aragón

 

Arms of the Kingdom of Aragon Arms of the Count of Roussillon Arms of the King of Mallorca Arms of the Marquis of Provence Arms of the Count of Foix

 

The Arms of the Kings of Aragón were also used by their close relatives, the Counts of the Roussillon. The Kings of Mallorca used the same arms again, sometimes with a blue bend (as shown here). The Marquises of Provence and Counts of Foix used arms that were clearly modelled on those of the Kings of Aragon.

 

arms of the département of the Pyrénées-Orientales Logo of the conseil generale in the Pyrénées-Orientales département The département of the Pyrénées-Orientales is really the ancient county of the Roussillon. As such it still uses its traditional arms - identical to those of the Kings of Aragón. The logo of the conseil general makes reference to the origin of the arms - the red stripes represent the marks of the four fingers of a blood soaked hand, running diagonally.
arms of the département of the Lozere arms of the département of the Ariege département There are reminders of the how far the influence of Aragon stretched in the arms of the Provence (above) and the Lozére. Similarly the arms of the County of Foix are recalled in those of the Ariege.
Today the arms of Aragon appear in the third quarter of the national arms of Spain.

Click on the following link for more on Peter II of Aragon
Click on the following link for more about Aragon and Catalonia Next.
Click on the following link for more about the relationship between the Houses of Aragon and Toulouse Next.
Click on the following link for more about the arms of fighters in the Cathar Wars Next.

 

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The Aragonese Flag.
The Arms of
Aragon
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